AskDefine | Define calm

Dictionary Definition

calm adj
1 not agitated; without losing self-possession; "spoke in a calm voice"; "remained calm throughout the uproar" [syn: unagitated]
2 characterized by absence of emotional agitation; "calm acceptance of the inevitable"; "remained serene in the midst of turbulence"; "a serene expression on her face"; "she became more tranquil"; "tranquil life in the country" [syn: serene, tranquil]
3 (of weather) free from storm or wind; "calm seas" [ant: stormy]
4 marked by freedom from agitation or excitement; "the rioters gradually became calm and slowly dispersed" n : steadiness of mind under stress; "he accepted their problems with composure and she with equanimity" [syn: composure, calmness, equanimity] [ant: discomposure]

Verb

1 make calm or still; "quiet the dragons of worry and fear" [syn: calm down, quiet, tranquilize, tranquillize, tranquillise, quieten, lull, still] [ant: agitate]
2 make steady; "steady yourself" [syn: steady, becalm]
3 become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation; "After the fight both men need to cool off."; "It took a while after the baby was born for things to settle down again." [syn: calm down, cool off, chill out, simmer down, settle down, cool it]
4 cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to; "The patient must be sedated before the operation" [syn: sedate, tranquilize, tranquillize, tranquillise] [ant: stimulate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From calme < Old calma. Calma may derive from cauma "heat of the mid-day sun" < (kauma) "heat" (especially of the sun), from (kaiō) "I burn", or possibly from caleō < (Doric) κάλεoς (of the Ionic κήλεος "burning")

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. In the context of "of a person": peaceful, quiet
  2. In the context of "of a place or situation": Free of noise and disturbance.

Translations

unworried, free from anger
absence of noise and disturbance

Noun

  1. (in a person) The state of being calm; peacefulness; absence of worry, anger, fear or other strong negative emotion.
  2. (in a place or situation) The state of being calm; absence of noise and disturbance.
  3. A period of time without wind.

Translations

condition of being unworried and free from anger
the state with absence of noise and disturbance
period without wind

Verb

  1. To make calm.
  2. To become calm.

Translations

to make calm
to become calm

Extensive Definition

Calm an adjective meaning peaceful, quiet; particularly used of the weather, free from wind or storm, or of the sea, opposed to rough. The word appears in French calme, through which it came into English, in Spanish, Portuguese and Italian calma. Most authorities follow Diez (Etym. Worterbuch der romanischen Sprachen) in tracing the origin to the Low Latin cauma, an adaptation of Greek Kaiii,ua, burning heat, xalECV, to burn. The Portuguese calma has this meaning as well as that of quiet. The connection would be heat of the day, rest during that period, so quiet, rest, peacefulness. The insertion of the L, which in English pronunciation disappears, is probably due to the Latin calor, heat, with which the word was associated.

References

calm in German: Windstille
calm in Japanese: 凪
calm in Russian: Штиль (погода)
calm in Simple English: Calm
calm in Ukrainian: Штиль

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abnegation, abstinence, accordance, allay, alleviate, anticyclone, appease, assuage, at peace, at rest, aweless, balm, balmy, becalm, blank, blankminded, bloodless, calm down, calmness, cease, cloistered, collected, compose, composed, composure, conciliate, concordant, conservatism, consistency, consonance, constancy, constraint, continence, continuity, control, cool, cool off, coolheaded, coolness, correspondence, cradle, dead calm, deathlike calm, defuse, die down, dispassion, dispassionate, doldrums, dulcify, dwindle, dwindling, ease, easy, easygoing, ebb, ebbing, empty, empty-headed, equability, equable, equanimity, equilibrium, even, even out, even-tempered, even-tenored, evenness, expected, expecting, fatuous, firm, flat calm, gentle, gentleness, golden mean, halcyon, halt, happy medium, homogeneity, horse latitudes, hush, hushed, idyllic, impartiality, impassive, imperturbable, inactive, inane, incogitant, inexcitable, isolated, judiciousness, juste-milieu, lay, lay the dust, lenity, levelheaded, lull, make one easy, meden agan, middle way, mild, mildness, mitigate, moderateness, moderation, moderationism, molder, moldering, mollify, monolithism, motionless, nerveless, neutrality, nirvanic, nonchalant, nonviolence, nothing in excess, oblivious, oily calm, orderly, pacific, pacifism, pacify, passive, pastoral, peace, peaceable, peaceful, peacefulness, peacetime, persistence, philosophical, phlegmatic, piping, placate, placid, placidity, placidness, poised, possessed, pour balm into, pour balm on, propitiate, prudence, quell, quiesce, quiescent, quiet, quieten, quietistic, relax, relaxed, relieve, repose, reposeful, reposing, rest, restful, resting, restraint, rock, rock to sleep, rock-steady, sang-froid, secluded, sedate, self-abnegation, self-control, self-controlled, self-denial, self-possessed, self-possession, self-restraint, sequestered, sequestrated, serene, serenity, settle, sheltered, smooth, smooth down, smooth over, smoothen, sobriety, soft, soothe, soother, stability, stabilize, stable, staid, staunch, steadfastness, steadiness, steady, steady-handed, steady-nerved, steel-nerved, still, still as death, stillish, stillness, stilly, stoic, stoical, stolid, stop, strong-nerved, subdue, subside, subsiding, temperance, temperateness, thoughtfree, thoughtless, together, tranquil, tranquilize, tranquillity, unagitated, unamazed, unastonished, unastounded, unawed, unbewildered, unblenching, unblinking, undazed, undazzled, undisturbed, undumbfounded, unexcessiveness, unextravagance, unextremeness, unfaltering, unflappable, unflinching, unideaed, uniformity, unimpressed, unintellectual, unity, unmarveling, unmoved, unnervous, unoccupied, unperturbed, unquivering, unreasoning, unruffled, unruffledness, unshaken, unshaky, unshrinking, unstirring, unstrained, unsurprised, unthinking, untremulous, untroubled, unwavering, unwondering, vacant, vacuous, via media, wane, waning, windless, windlessness, without a tremor, wonderless
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